Different Tax and Zakat (The Mall)

    Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.

    Dear Ustadz,
    What is the difference between tax and zakat (the mall)? In Islamic countries,  is there a distinction between tax and zakat (the mall)? Because I’ve read posts of Mushtaq Ahmad: zakat (the mall) is the main source of the state treasury as well as a cornerstone of economic life that proclaimed in Qur’an. Zakat will prevent the accumulation of wealth on one person , and at the same time encouraging people to invest and promote the distribution. Zakat is also a comprehensive institution for the distribution of wealth, because it involves property of every Muslim as a practical, while his property had reached or passed nishab. The accumulation of wealth in the hands of a person or a group of rich people only, is expressly prohibited Allah as his word :

    “And what Allah restored to His Messenger from the people of the towns – it is for Allah and for the Messenger and for [his] near relatives and orphans and the [stranded] traveler – so that it will not be a perpetual distribution among the rich from among you. And whatever the Messenger has given you – take; and what he has forbidden you – refrain from. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.” (Surat al-Hashr, 59:7)

    Please explain it more cleary Ustadz, Jazakumullah khoiron katsiro.

    Wassalamu’alaikum wr. wb.


    Assalamu’alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh,

    We know there are many similarities between the zakat and tax. But it is undeniable that there is a difference between the two in essential. So they can not be equated with it.

    Equation between Zakat with Tax

    1. The mandatory and binding on the population of a country property, if neglect will be sanction.
    2. Zakat and taxes must be deposited on official institutions in order to achieve both efficiency and allocation distribution withdrawal.
    3. In the reign of Islam, zakat and and taxes administered by the state.
    4. There is no provision to obtain certain material rewards in the world.
    5. From the side there are similarities between the two objectives,  to resolve the problems of the economy and alleviate poverty in the community there.

    The Different Between Zakat and Tax

    However, in common with all the above, it does not mean taxes can can be equated with alms (zakat). Because between two of them there are difference in fundamental and essential.

    We placed a table that reveals how different the zakat and tax. Please take a look.

    DifferenceAlms (Zakat)Tax
    Meaning of Nameclean, grow and thriveDebt, taxes, tribute
    Basic LawAl-Qur `an and SunnahThe law of a country
    Nishab and RatesOrdained by God and is absoluteDetermined by the state and the relative zakat has a fixed size while tax varies according to the balance of the state budget
    NatureObligations are fixed and constantObligations in accordance with the requirements and can be eliminated
    SubjectMuslimAll citizens
    Object AllocationFixed 8 GroupTo fund the construction and regular budget
    Worn TreasureProductive assetsAll Assets
    Terms Ijab KabulRequiredNot Required
    RewardsReward of God and the promise of blessing treasureThe availability of public goods and services
    SanctionsFrom Allah and the Islamic PeopleState
    Motivation PaymentsFaith and devotion to God Obedience and fear in the country and the sanctionsThere is a tax payment made possible the manipulation of large amounts of property tax payers and this does not happen to charity
    CalculationEntrusted to muzakis and can also help by ‘amil zakatAlways use the services of a tax accountant


    Source : http://www.rumahfiqih.com/x.php?id=1160986641&=beda-pajak-dengan-zakat.htm

    Translate by : Kinta Mahadji